HIV is the Human Immune Deficiency virus, while AIDs is the disease that is caused by the virus. As such, many people use both terms interchangeably to refer to the disease that occurs as a result of the virus. There are many ways that this virus can be acquired, ranging from unprotected sexual activities, dangerous habits such as intravenous drug use to very harmless methods such as during birth or breastfeeding (in the case of pregnant women and nursing mothers who are positive for the virus). Before we understand how smoking and HIV are related, we will need to have some understanding of how the virus damages the body, and the immune system.
The immune system
The virus has different methods by which it causes harm to the body. Key among these is the way it destroys the cellular components of the immune system. This is the system that acts against any foreign particles and germ (such as bacteria) to protect us from getting sick. This system comprises of the humoral factors, which are antibodies and other chemical compounds produced by cells in the body. The other component is the cellular part of the immune system, which comprises T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes macrophages, and dendritic cells.
How the virus causes damage
The HIV virus will only thus destroy the T lymphocytes of the immune system, which express the CD4 molecule which is the receptor for the entry of the virus into the cell. This kind of damage to the immune system makes the person ‘fragile’ and more susceptible to infections. It is important to note that these people should have normal lives and should not be discriminated against, as this is just a disease like any other.
Smoking increases the risk of many ailments
Smoking will increase the risk of one getting many ailments, such include lung cancer, heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Studies have been conducted on how smoking affects the lives of people who are living with HIV. These studies have shown that when such people smoke, there are increased risks associated. These risks are more than that of smoking in the general population. Smokers with HIV would represent other outbreaks besides typical HIV symptoms.
HIV smokers have a significant chance of lung cancer
Also, the severity of these effects may be worse than in the general populace. Such include a higher risk of developing lung cancer, cancers of the head and neck, anal and cervical cancers as well as many other cancers and neoplasms. They are also more likely to develop infections, such as bacterial pneumonia and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia which is considered an opportunistic infection.
Smoking makes life shorter for HIV positive people
When these people who have HIV smoke, they increase the chances that the antiretroviral medication they get may not work. Their chances of getting life-threatening illnesses are high since they have a compromised immune system. HIV pos singles and smoke have been estimated to have led shorter lives than HIV singles but did not smoke. Quitting smoking actually helps improve quality of life and avoid infections.
Top Signs That You May Have HIV: weight loss, fever, fatigue…
There is only one way that you can be really sure of your HIV status, by getting tested. The virus can cause various symptoms to someone who has contracted the infections, although sometimes these signs do not easily show up. However, HIV infections occur in three common stages: the acute HIV infection stage, chronic stage, and full-blown AIDs.
These symptoms get worse over time and they tend to overwhelm a person’s immune system. However, speaking nowadays about your HIV status to your partner when you are dating, has become quite a common thing, with reduced cases of HIV stigmatization. This has enabled the creation of awareness regarding this virus which has assisted in educating the public about the common symptoms of this disease.
More and more HIV single people are coming out in this era opening up about their HIV statuses, and most HIV communities are giving them all the support they need-be it physically, mentally or financially. This has led to the advent of such things as the HIV dating sites which has allowed people affected by this virus to come and interact with each other. This has, in turn, led to the creation of an effective HIV dating community globally, which has allowed infected individuals to find spouses among each other and develop strong families.
Although such things as dating HIV positive gay practices have led to an increased spread of this virus- considered as a very risky sexual behavior. However, in this article, we are going to concentrate solely on the symptoms of HIV, some of which may aid you in knowing if you have it, or maybe a friend or family.
Here are some of the top signs, which are overlooked most of the times, that you may have HIV:
Weight loss is actually one of the most common sign that you have contracted HIV, though at other times this symptom may appear at advanced stages- this is highly due to severe diarrhea. Losing weight rapidly has been highly associated with a weak immune system, and as it is commonly known, HIV is an infection which aggressively attacks the immune systems of its victims. Experiencing weight loss coupled with body weakness or diarrhea for almost a period of 30 days is a common indication that you have HIV.
Mild fever, which reaches up to 102 degrees Celsius, is one of the most common early signs of having HIV infection. When the fever occurs, it is usually accompanied by mild symptoms such as swollen lymph glands, sore throat or in most cases fatigue. According to medical research, fever appears as a result of the HIV virus entering the bloodstream and beginning to replicate in large quantities, which results in an inflammatory effect by the immune system.
This symptom occurs during both the early and late stages of HIV. The inflammatory reaction by a person’s overwhelmed immune system is one of the reasons that HIV victims begin feeling tired and lethargic. Most of those infected have reported that they started feeling tired suddenly, getting tired faster from doing a very easy task, or from walking a short distance. So if you start to experience a feeling of fatigue which continues over a long period of time, go to a clinic and get tested as early as possible.
Achy muscles, swollen lymph nodes, and achy joints
Another top sign of HIV infection is experiencing very excruciating pains and swelling in the joints, muscles and the lymph nodes. These symptoms can at most times be mistaken for other infections such as the flu, syphilis, mononucleosis or hepatitis. Lymph nodes, commonly located at the neck, groin and armpit regions, get inflamed whenever a person is infected. Therefore it is very important that when you experience such signs you go and get tested.
These rashes can occur at an early or advanced stage of this infection. These rashes may appear like boils, with some itchy regions around the armpits, which are pink in color. These rashes may also appear on the rest of the body parts such as chest, arms, at the back, neck, just to mention a few. When strange skin rashes appear, especially in plenty, be aware, that is a red flag that you may have HIV.
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
Most people infected with HIV have reported having experienced short-term diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea in the primary stages of this infection. These symptoms may also be as a result of opportunistic diseases, which causes a weakened immune system. However, these specific symptoms cause a person’s body to lose lots of water and nutrients, playing a huge part in the loss of weight.
In today’s health and wellness world, there are many complex concerns and challenges that can affect the dating prospects of many people around the world. Moreover, some of these issues tend to create a broad spectrum of misconception and stigmas that can prevent singles to find their right partner and possibly their soul mate. One of those controversial topics is closely related with mouth ulcer and HIV.
With or without HIV, mouth ulcers may outbreak
However, in order to tackle the negative perception about this complex challenge, it is imperative that we analyze the whole issue. Mouth ulcers known as canker sores or aphthous ulcers, can have a presence in any person, regardless of the fact whether they are HIV positive or not. Also, it is important to emphasize that people with AIDS and HIV tend to get these ulcers more often. Also they can be more severe, and may take longer to heal.
The reality is that, there are a large number of people who are HIV negative and their immune system is fully functional, but they tend to get mouth ulcers more often. That is why, it is imperative that these temporary body anomalies should not prevent singles dating their desired partners. However, even persons with HIV that have aphthous ulcers (canker sores) can heal through treatment and proper medication thus ensuring better outlook.
Can HIV be transmitted through mouth ulcers? The theory
The second and probably biggest misconception is that HIV can be transmitted through the mouth ulcers. Many people have the general belief that singles with mouth ulcers are HIV positive thus preventing them from dating. Moreover, many people fear that there is a chance for transmission when having certain contacts with singles that have mouth ulcers and HIV.
Yet again, the reality is a bit different. On that note, it is important to emphasize that HIV is not transmitted via kissing which can relax singles when dating people with mouth ulcers. Moreover, there is not a high enough concentration of HIV in saliva in order for a transmission to occur. The same applies for the mouth ulcers as they do not have enough blood and saliva content to maintain a presence of HIV.
Furthermore, singles should not avoid dating people with mouth ulcers as many studies have shown that HIV is not known to be transmitted through contact with saliva overall. To be more specific, the saliva of HIV singles, has little to no virus, and the virus that is found in saliva is often inactive. So it cannot be transmitted through kissing, oral sex and contact with mouth ulcers.
What we can learn
On a final note, the presence of these ulcers (and how frequently they occur) does not in itself indicate certain form of HIV infection. But generally speaking, singles with HIV can get these mouth ulcers more often. However, it is important to underline that singles should not avoid dating people with mouth ulcers as HIV has no presence in the mouth ulcers. By knowing these facts, singles can enjoy the opportunity to find their dating partner, knowing that their health and wellbeing is protected.
While he publicly disclosed his diagnosis back in November, the previous Two and a Half Men star is as yet changing in accordance with his quandary. 'Individuals say, 'What does it feel like to be the substance of HIV?'. I'm similar to, 'Euugh, unintentional'. Be that as it may, if that is its truth, at that point it is'.
In any case, Charlie is by all accounts endeavoring to utilize the determination as an impetus for turning his life around. Performer Charlie Sheen said to NBC's "Today" program Tuesday that he was detected as HIV-positive around 4 years back, which several people who realized it charged money for him to maintain the secret.
"I'm here to concede that I am in actuality HIV-positive," Sheen disclosed to NBC's Matt Lauer. "Furthermore, I need to put a stop to this invasion, this torrent of assaults and of sub-facts and exceptionally unsafe and inconsistent stories that are about the [alleged] threatening the health of such a significant number of others, which couldn't possibly be more off-base."
Did Sheen infect others with HIV?
Sheen, 50, stated he is not certain the way he obtained the disease. Given that his medical diagnosis, he claimed, he has got informed each and every sexual accomplice of his illness. He labeled it "impossible" that he got transmitted the disease to other people. He stated the medical diagnosis arrived after he experienced a few cluster headaches as well as night time sweats.
"After a battery of tests ... they strolled into the room and stated, ''Boom, this is what's going on,'" Sheen said.
"It's a hard three letters to retain," he said. "It's a defining moment in one's life."
The blackmail after “the talk”
He declared he discovered the medical diagnosis to people he believed he really trusted, however, a number of them asked for money to keep on being silent relating to the issue. He paid out those persons "in the millions," he said. Afterward, in the program, Lauer declared that Sheen disclosed to him it had been greater than $10 million.
"We're discussing shakedowns," Sheen said. "I've paid those individuals."
One of the particular people, he mentioned, was a whore who came into his washroom, took a mobile phone picture of his medicine and then threatened to sell off the photo.
Asked as to whether he would keep on paying the general population he'd been paying, he stated: "Not after today, I'm most certainly not."
'I have mad gratitude, 100 %. Thank you. My life is more fluid, it’s more courageous, it’s more heroic,' said Sheen.
While he deliberate opened up to the world about his positive status, the news appeared to have the anticipated outcome of forcing abstinence on the famously debased star.
'HIV isn't the best conversation starter. So it has occurred because of every other person and myself having the information, and that is fine,' he clarified, however, at that point he included 'I make jokes about the diagnosis since you need to. Generally, it's simply "awkward city."'
Luckily, it appears the Hot Shots star has found a startling reward originating from his present absence of sexual activity.
'You'd be amazed the amount more you can achieve and the amount more you can realize when you're not simply endeavoring to engage in sexual relations.'
His new outlook has driven Charlie to be philosophical about the fate of his sexual coexistence too.
'It’s fine. I mean, sex isn’t going anywhere. It’s still there. And if available, awesome. If not, no big deal. I’ll spend more time hanging with my parents, you know?'
The on-screen character Charlie Sheen was born Carlos Irwin Estévez on September 3, 1965, in New York City. The son of Janet and veteran actor Martin Sheen, he and his siblings, Ramon Jr., Emilio, and Renee, were altogether urged to proceed with their acting careers. Charlie Sheen made his first action at the age of 9, as an additional in the prestigious TV film The Execution of Private Slovik (1974), which featured his dad. As an adolescent, he delivered and coordinated a progression of low-spending film shorts with cherished companions and future stars Rob Lowe and Sean Penn.
Sheen, a somewhat lackadaisical student, was expelled from Santa Monica High School half a month prior to accepting his diploma. Rather, he concentrated on his want to act, searching out and landing a role in the never-released horror film Grizzly II: The Predator (1984). Soon thereafter, Sheen made his adult cinematic debut in the Soviet invasion thriller Red Dawn.
After a few TV programs, Charlie Sheen handled the leap forward part of his career in Oliver Stone’s autobiographical war drama Platoon (1986 He earned praise for his ruthlessly practical depiction of a youthful trooper's voyage through obligation in Vietnam, while the film won four Oscars, including Best Picture. The next year, Sheen co-starred in Stone's Wall Street as the savage protégé Bud Fox, who was lured by the riches and influence of corporate plunderer Gordon Gekko (played by Michael Douglas).
As a component of the gathering with John Cusack, Christopher Lloyd, and D.B. Sweeney, Sheen gave an exceptional execution in John Sayles' holding record of the 1919 "Dark Sox" baseball scandal Eight Men Out (1988). Subsequent to featuring in the 1990 action films Navy SEALS and The Rookie, he exhibited his style of comic drama in the carelessly engaging farce Hot Shots (1991). In 1993, Sheen repeated his part as free thinker aviation based armed forces pilot Topper Harley in the similarly effective continuation Hot Shots! Part Deux.
Towards the end of the 1990s, Charlie Sheen established a production company with Brett Michaels (previous lead singer of the heavy metal band Poison). Coordinated by Michaels and featuring Sheen, the two teamed up on the TV film No Code of Conduct (1998). In 2000, Sheen and his sibling Emilio featured the controversial biopic Rated X. In light of the life of porn industry pioneers Jim and Artie Mitchell, the film was screened at the Sundance Film Festival and later debuted on satellite TV's Showtime Network. Likewise in 2000, Sheen supplanted Michael J. Fox as the representative leader on the hit sitcom Spin City.
In 2003, he starred in the panned horror spoof Scary Movie 3 for director David Zucker. Sheen at that point handled a featuring part as ambushed single man Charlie Harper on the CBS sitcom Two and a Half Men. At a certain point, Sheen was allegedly paid $1.8 million for each episode, making him the most generously compensated performing artist on TV.
In November 2015, Sheen openly declared that he was HIV-positive, subsequent to being analyzed four years sooner. "It's a hard three letters to retain. It's a defining moment in one's life," he disclosed to Matt Lauer on the Today show. Since his HIV diagnosis, Sheen asserts he's been controlled on taking medicine to deal with his illness. It appears the chances were not to support him.
In another interview with Dan Wootton of The Sun, amazing womanizer Charlie Sheen uncovered that he just engaged with unprotected sex twice, and that is the means by which he got contaminated with HIV. At the point when addressed further about the claim, the 50-year-old on-screen character got exceptionally definite with what he accepted happened.
'I was dependably the person that advanced it and said you must utilize condoms, various stuff,' he stated, including 'I was excessively drunk or too exhausted one night and here we are.'