The HIV infection rate through sexual activity is rather low. But in special scenes, the rate could significantly rise up to 312 times. Acute infection could expeditiously raise the amount of the virus in your body at the first 12 weeks. The chance of infect others then rises for more than 26 times. The presence of other STD could significantly lower your immune level and also raise your virus amount on genital and blood parts. This could multiply the risk by 8 times. And sexual discrimination, especially towards the female, could lead to a 1.5 times rise of HIV infection rate.
The rate of HIV transmission through sex is so low? According to poz’s statistical analysis, the infection rate of each sexual activity are as below:
Among all the sexual intercourse we often participate between couples, the action that could lead to the highest HIV infection rate is receptive partner’s risk with ejaculation through anal sex with 1 in 70 or 1.43%. The number is, rather low compared to our general impression towards HIV infection -- we thought unprotected sex participation with HIV positive people could easily lead to infection.
No, unless there are wounds and body fluid transmission.
The HIV infection rate through blood transfusion is as high as an astonishing 90%. Thus, if there are wounds and body fluid transmission during the unprotected anal sex with ejaculation--which is not rare the case--the infection become an event of high probability.
Yet, that is far from the hidden movement of the virus.
If you are HIV negative, and your partner happen to be “recently infected”--people who contracted the virus within the last 12 weeks-- your chance of getting infected could rise as much as 26 times! The situation states because the newly transmitted virus start a fast expansion in the amount within your body, thus the number and activity level of the HIV virus in the recently infected people are of a significantly high level.
Another scene which could lead to an 8 times rise of the chance of HIV infection, is when you are simultaneously positive on other STDs. That will also put your immune system to an unguarded level to HIV virus invasion.
Unprotected Sex and HIV Transmission
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5 Myths about HIV Treatment
People with HIV can lead a normal life and live to a ripe old age. Of course, if HIV-positive will have access to appropriate therapy. Currently, the most effective method of treatment of HIV in the world is antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Features of the Disease
The main feature of antiretroviral therapy is that within six months after medication, the level of virus in the blood is greatly reduced. The therapy should begin as soon as possible - immediately after people learned of his HIV-positive status. Previously held the opinion that drugs should be postponed until the time when the level of the virus reaches a critical level, which will be a real threat to the human immune system. To obtain lasting results, the supplementation should occur regularly throughout a person's life. In fact, HIV is a disease for life. If left untreated, the disease will progress and will eventually turn into AIDS. If you do not control HIV, it will multiply in the body, killing off CD4 cells and weakening the immune system. First, you can even to feel normal, but if HIV is not treated, it eventually destroys the immune system, which will lead to the development of severe disease and death. If you have HIV, you need regular take blood two tests:
- Test to determine viral load, which shows the amount of virus circulating in the blood.
- Analysis of CD4, which shows how the immune system works.
Early Treatment of HIV
The early treatment gives HIV to progress quickly and prevents the further destruction of the immune system. Early treatment helps to maintain health and live longer. If you have HIV, a treatment called antiretroviral (ARV) therapy can slow down the virus and reduce the damage to the body. ARV-therapy is sometimes known as VAARU therapy, which means "highly active antiretroviral therapy". Currently, HIV medicines are easier to take and have fewer side effects. If you begin to take antiviral therapy at an early stage, it may reduce the likelihood of developing AIDS and other serious illnesses that causes HIV. Antiretroviral therapy also reduces the likelihood of transmitting HIV to others.
Myths about HIV Treatment
- "Why should I be treated, if I feel well?” This is a wrong statement. There is no need to wait for degradation to begin treatment. The early treatment of ARVs helps to maintain high CD4 counts and low viral load. Antiretroviral therapy helps protect the body from infections and other diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, kidney and some types of cancer.
- "I have a high CD4 there is no need for treatment." This is incorrect. There is no need to wait until the CD4 counts will be too low. Currently, doctors recommend starting therapy when the CD4 count becomes less than 500. Treatment can be useful even in that case if there are more than 500. Discuss with your doctor how best to proceed in your particular situation.
- "I'm pregnant, so I should postpone the treatment." Pregnant women with HIV should start treatment immediately. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, ARV therapy will help to improve health and significantly reduce the likelihood of transmitting HIV to your baby.
- "And so I lead a healthy lifestyle. I exercise and eat right. Cost without treatment." To fight the virus can only be special treatment. It is critical that people living with HIV, their health care, but only ARV therapy to control HIV infection due to the weakening of the virus and strengthening the immune system. And the stronger your immune system is, the longer you live and feel better.
- "The treatment is very expensive, will have to do without him." You will find help in your AIDS center! Early treatment helps to maintain health and to live longer.
Other factors that help to maintain health:
- Proper nutrition and physical activity.
- Quitting Smoking.
- Treatment of depression, alcohol or drug dependence.
- Can't be too careful. During sex, use a latex condom, reduce the number of partners and never use shared needles and syringes. Even if your viral load is low, HIV transmission is possible.
- Regular testing for other sexually transmitted diseases. The presence of other STDs complicates the treatment of HIV.
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Does Frequently Catching Cold and Fever means HIV?
The probability of occurrence of colds and viral respiratory illnesses among people with HIV is significantly higher than among healthy ones. The name of the disease speaks for itself – immune deficiency means "lack of" immunity. Weakened by the presence of HIV, the body is not able to resist the new entered bacteria and viruses, especially if it is the body of a child with fragile.
The medication depends on the clinical condition of the patient and the compatibility with ART (antiretroviral therapy). If medications are chosen wrongly and they are incompatible with each other, possible toxic poisoning may occur. The consequences of incorrect therapy may be fatal.
Any cold in an HIV-infected can develop into flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia. This can happen in a few hours. When you a cough, feel weakness, chills, and your body temperature rapidly increases, you should call an ambulance, not trying to cope with the symptoms on your own, using ordinary people's methods. You should keep in mind that a few hours is enough to chill the child's HIV to the flu.
Treatment of cold in an HIV-infected is complicated by the fact that there are no drugs that give 100% guarantee of recovery. Against viruses, which secrete neuraminidase and cause respiratory infectious disease together with influenza type A and type B, there may be only special medications. These drugs will not destroy other groups of viruses. The decision on the appointment of such medications can only be accepted by a doctor.
It is very important in the early stages to use antiviral drugs to treat flu in people who are very sick with the flu (for example, those who were admitted to the hospital). Additionally, it is important for people who are at risk for serious complications from flu such as people with HIV / AIDS. Studies have shown that antiviral drugs are most effective for the treatment of influenza if they are applied within 2 days after onset of the disease. The benefits of their use may be even after two days, especially if the patient is at a greater risk of serious complications from influenza or if a person has certain symptoms (such as shortness of breath, chest pain/pressure in the chest, dizziness or confusion).
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Mouth Ulcer and HIV
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HIV basics: Can I get HIV From Oral Sex?
Oral Sex and HIV
The question is, is it possible to become infected with HIV while having unprotected oral sex. Oral sex with a condom usually causes unpleasant feelings among many. However, is it worth the risk?
Each person is responsible for their own health, makes choices based on their awareness of modes of transmission of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and HIV, the possible dangers of certain behaviors. If your partner tells you that he is HIV - positive, this does not mean that he does not have HIV. If it looks "decent human being" or "healthy enough", it also makes no guarantees about their HIV status and the lack of STIs. Probably many people would like to hear what kind of sex is safe. We assume that you already know about transmission of the virus, and offer you this knowledge to think again about possible dangers and means of protection when engaging in oral sex.
Ways of Spreading the Infection
It is possible to become infected with HIV through oral sex. Although this kind of sex is safer than unprotected sex (active or passive role). But can you always say with certainty that you have no bleeding gums not inflamed mucous membranes of the mouth and throat? How regularly do you visit the dentist? If you have bleeding gums, the inflamed mucous membrane of the oral cavity, a sore throat or you feel cold, it better to avoid unprotected oral sex. The same applies to the healing period of the gums after tooth extraction, filling, cleaning teeth from plaque and other procedures at the dentist. It is not recommended to brush your teeth 2 hours before and after oral sex as a toothbrush can damage the gums, thereby creating an entrance gate for infections. Not everyone uses a condom for oral sex, but it is a voluntary choice. It is important to remember that in addition to HIV, there is another infection. Many diseases are transmitted during unprotected oral sex. For example, the transmitted pathogens are hepatitis B and C. Hepatitis can be transmitted through unprotected oral or anal sex, as well as RMG (oral-anal contact).
The transmission of HIV from woman to woman is quite low. But that does not mean the absence. There are reports about the possibility of HIV infection during unprotected sexual intercourse of women with women. It is recommended to avoid oral sex with a woman in the menstrual period or immediately after menstruation because blood is often transferred to pathogens of viral infections. The main infection among women who have sex with women, in addition to the risk of HIV is vaginal candidiasis (thrush).
Prevention of the Disease
Actually, it is up to you how to behave in a case with the mentioned illness. In order to protect you and your partner, you should be quite careful while contacting the person. Try to speak about the possible danger of the contact. Moreover, you should decide when and how would you like to have a contact. Communication is the best solution for almost all problems. There are many ways to get infected with HIV, most transmission occurs during sexual intercourse or shared drug use, and the probability of contamination is different for each method. To increase or decrease the risk of transmitting the virus can various factors. For example, if an HIV-infected person is on antiretroviral therapy (meds for HIV), the risk of transmitting the virus to other people may fall by as much as 96%. Remember that condom use reduces the risk of contracting or transmitting HIV by about 80%, on the other hand, the risk of sexual transmission of the virus is also growing. A high level of HIV in the blood, which happens in the initial and late stages of the disease, also increases the chance of transmission. Contracting HIV during unprotected sex is extremely unlikely: on average, only five out of ten of thousands of sex acts with an HIV-infected person leads to the spread of the disease. With unprotected anal sex the risk of contracting more than ten times. Nevertheless, everything depends on your attitude toward the disease.