5 Myths about HIV Treatment
People with HIV can lead a normal life and live to a ripe old age. Of course, if HIV-positive will have access to appropriate therapy. Currently, the most effective method of treatment of HIV in the world is antiretroviral therapy (ART).
Features of the Disease
The main feature of antiretroviral therapy is that within six months after medication, the level of virus in the blood is greatly reduced. The therapy should begin as soon as possible - immediately after people learned of his HIV-positive status. Previously held the opinion that drugs should be postponed until the time when the level of the virus reaches a critical level, which will be a real threat to the human immune system. To obtain lasting results, the supplementation should occur regularly throughout a person's life. In fact, HIV is a disease for life. If left untreated, the disease will progress and will eventually turn into AIDS. If you do not control HIV, it will multiply in the body, killing off CD4 cells and weakening the immune system. First, you can even to feel normal, but if HIV is not treated, it eventually destroys the immune system, which will lead to the development of severe disease and death. If you have HIV, you need regular take blood two tests:
- Test to determine viral load, which shows the amount of virus circulating in the blood.
- Analysis of CD4, which shows how the immune system works.
Early Treatment of HIV
The early treatment gives HIV to progress quickly and prevents the further destruction of the immune system. Early treatment helps to maintain health and live longer. If you have HIV, a treatment called antiretroviral (ARV) therapy can slow down the virus and reduce the damage to the body. ARV-therapy is sometimes known as VAARU therapy, which means "highly active antiretroviral therapy". Currently, HIV medicines are easier to take and have fewer side effects. If you begin to take antiviral therapy at an early stage, it may reduce the likelihood of developing AIDS and other serious illnesses that causes HIV. Antiretroviral therapy also reduces the likelihood of transmitting HIV to others.
Myths about HIV Treatment
- "Why should I be treated, if I feel well?” This is a wrong statement. There is no need to wait for degradation to begin treatment. The early treatment of ARVs helps to maintain high CD4 counts and low viral load. Antiretroviral therapy helps protect the body from infections and other diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, liver diseases, kidney and some types of cancer.
- "I have a high CD4 there is no need for treatment." This is incorrect. There is no need to wait until the CD4 counts will be too low. Currently, doctors recommend starting therapy when the CD4 count becomes less than 500. Treatment can be useful even in that case if there are more than 500. Discuss with your doctor how best to proceed in your particular situation.
- "I'm pregnant, so I should postpone the treatment." Pregnant women with HIV should start treatment immediately. If you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant, ARV therapy will help to improve health and significantly reduce the likelihood of transmitting HIV to your baby.
- "And so I lead a healthy lifestyle. I exercise and eat right. Cost without treatment." To fight the virus can only be special treatment. It is critical that people living with HIV, their health care, but only ARV therapy to control HIV infection due to the weakening of the virus and strengthening the immune system. And the stronger your immune system is, the longer you live and feel better.
- "The treatment is very expensive, will have to do without him." You will find help in your AIDS center! Early treatment helps to maintain health and to live longer.
Other factors that help to maintain health:
- Proper nutrition and physical activity.
- Quitting Smoking.
- Treatment of depression, alcohol or drug dependence.
- Can't be too careful. During sex, use a latex condom, reduce the number of partners and never use shared needles and syringes. Even if your viral load is low, HIV transmission is possible.
- Regular testing for other sexually transmitted diseases. The presence of other STDs complicates the treatment of HIV.
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Does Frequently Catching Cold and Fever means HIV?
The probability of occurrence of colds and viral respiratory illnesses among people with HIV is significantly higher than among healthy ones. The name of the disease speaks for itself – immune deficiency means "lack of" immunity. Weakened by the presence of HIV, the body is not able to resist the new entered bacteria and viruses, especially if it is the body of a child with fragile.
The medication depends on the clinical condition of the patient and the compatibility with ART (antiretroviral therapy). If medications are chosen wrongly and they are incompatible with each other, possible toxic poisoning may occur. The consequences of incorrect therapy may be fatal.
Any cold in an HIV-infected can develop into flu, bronchitis, and pneumonia. This can happen in a few hours. When you a cough, feel weakness, chills, and your body temperature rapidly increases, you should call an ambulance, not trying to cope with the symptoms on your own, using ordinary people's methods. You should keep in mind that a few hours is enough to chill the child's HIV to the flu.
Treatment of cold in an HIV-infected is complicated by the fact that there are no drugs that give 100% guarantee of recovery. Against viruses, which secrete neuraminidase and cause respiratory infectious disease together with influenza type A and type B, there may be only special medications. These drugs will not destroy other groups of viruses. The decision on the appointment of such medications can only be accepted by a doctor.
It is very important in the early stages to use antiviral drugs to treat flu in people who are very sick with the flu (for example, those who were admitted to the hospital). Additionally, it is important for people who are at risk for serious complications from flu such as people with HIV / AIDS. Studies have shown that antiviral drugs are most effective for the treatment of influenza if they are applied within 2 days after onset of the disease. The benefits of their use may be even after two days, especially if the patient is at a greater risk of serious complications from influenza or if a person has certain symptoms (such as shortness of breath, chest pain/pressure in the chest, dizziness or confusion).
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HIV basics: Can I get HIV From Oral Sex?
Oral Sex and HIV
The question is, is it possible to become infected with HIV while having unprotected oral sex. Oral sex with a condom usually causes unpleasant feelings among many. However, is it worth the risk?
Each person is responsible for their own health, makes choices based on their awareness of modes of transmission of STIs (sexually transmitted infections) and HIV, the possible dangers of certain behaviors. If your partner tells you that he is HIV - positive, this does not mean that he does not have HIV. If it looks "decent human being" or "healthy enough", it also makes no guarantees about their HIV status and the lack of STIs. Probably many people would like to hear what kind of sex is safe. We assume that you already know about transmission of the virus, and offer you this knowledge to think again about possible dangers and means of protection when engaging in oral sex.
Ways of Spreading the Infection
It is possible to become infected with HIV through oral sex. Although this kind of sex is safer than unprotected sex (active or passive role). But can you always say with certainty that you have no bleeding gums not inflamed mucous membranes of the mouth and throat? How regularly do you visit the dentist? If you have bleeding gums, the inflamed mucous membrane of the oral cavity, a sore throat or you feel cold, it better to avoid unprotected oral sex. The same applies to the healing period of the gums after tooth extraction, filling, cleaning teeth from plaque and other procedures at the dentist. It is not recommended to brush your teeth 2 hours before and after oral sex as a toothbrush can damage the gums, thereby creating an entrance gate for infections. Not everyone uses a condom for oral sex, but it is a voluntary choice. It is important to remember that in addition to HIV, there is another infection. Many diseases are transmitted during unprotected oral sex. For example, the transmitted pathogens are hepatitis B and C. Hepatitis can be transmitted through unprotected oral or anal sex, as well as RMG (oral-anal contact).
The transmission of HIV from woman to woman is quite low. But that does not mean the absence. There are reports about the possibility of HIV infection during unprotected sexual intercourse of women with women. It is recommended to avoid oral sex with a woman in the menstrual period or immediately after menstruation because blood is often transferred to pathogens of viral infections. The main infection among women who have sex with women, in addition to the risk of HIV is vaginal candidiasis (thrush).
Prevention of the Disease
Actually, it is up to you how to behave in a case with the mentioned illness. In order to protect you and your partner, you should be quite careful while contacting the person. Try to speak about the possible danger of the contact. Moreover, you should decide when and how would you like to have a contact. Communication is the best solution for almost all problems. There are many ways to get infected with HIV, most transmission occurs during sexual intercourse or shared drug use, and the probability of contamination is different for each method. To increase or decrease the risk of transmitting the virus can various factors. For example, if an HIV-infected person is on antiretroviral therapy (meds for HIV), the risk of transmitting the virus to other people may fall by as much as 96%. Remember that condom use reduces the risk of contracting or transmitting HIV by about 80%, on the other hand, the risk of sexual transmission of the virus is also growing. A high level of HIV in the blood, which happens in the initial and late stages of the disease, also increases the chance of transmission. Contracting HIV during unprotected sex is extremely unlikely: on average, only five out of ten of thousands of sex acts with an HIV-infected person leads to the spread of the disease. With unprotected anal sex the risk of contracting more than ten times. Nevertheless, everything depends on your attitude toward the disease.
How we keep on seeking love: HIV and dating
Currently, HIV is far from the death sentence that it was in the 1990s. In those years, having a positive status meant an end to ones dating life. Over the years, however, we have managed to see a reversal in this trend. Many HIV positive people are actually dating, and the stigma that was associated with the status has decreased to the bare minimum.
There are however some issues when it comes to HIV positive dating. Some states within the United States actually criminalize the act of exposing someone to the risk of contracting HIV. Well, the first step in most cases is disclosing the status. This, however, may be quite hard for some people. It is estimated that there are many HIV positive people but are unaware of their status. In as much as dating may be hard for HIV singles, it is still a possibility and it happens all the time in the current world.
Dating HIV Positive Singles
Dating someone who is HIV positive may be one of the toughest tests for your relationship, determining whether you are a perfect match. Most people will actually end relationships after the disclosure of HIV status or will start growing apart. These have been some of the testimonies of HIV positive men or gay who have tried dating.
Well if you are going to date a man who is HIV positive, you should ensure that you talk about all concerns that you may have and ensure to iron out some other issues you have to ensure that your relationships last. HIV is simply not a reason that holds water when saying you don’t want to be with someone. Also, ensure that you stay protected. Use protection, such as condoms when having sex to ensure that you do not contract the virus.
HIV Dating Site
For those who are HIV positive and would like to date others who are also positive, PositiveSingles is a perfect choice where you can find and meet others. All these are for people who are positive and would like to date others who are also positive.
Open Relationship Tips For HIV Positive Couple
Open relationships of different kinds have been existing for quite some time now. However, those which serve the purpose and survive the commitment at the same time are very few. An HIV positive couple engaging in an open relationship is as delicate as any other couple. However, there is a higher health risk to the already delicate health state. But how can these relationships maintain a healthy relationship plus that of the body? There are various things HIV couples must consider before plunging into the open relationship status.
Things you need to consider when an HIV positive couple has an open relationship in order to reduce risk
Confirm your status
Sometimes a couple may assume that they are both HIV positive especially if one had the infection at first. However, you don't really know. Unless you have confirmed your statuses in the second lab test, you'll never know. A few too many cases have been reported where one partner had HIV at first but the other didn't and even after they had unprotected sex for some time, it didn't reflect on the other's status.
Sometimes, you could discover that you were never positive at all. When plunging into the open relationship, you both have to confirm your HIV statuses in order to be on the same page about everything.
Lay down rules
Rules are important when making relations with other partners. Because you understand your statuses, you get to decide what is appropriate and what is not. Not having rules can cause problems in open relationships. Each partner doing their own thing leads to complications of both health and also the relationship nature.
Always use Condoms
Sometimes you'd have been involved with another couple too many times so you trust them, but condoms should be a must. However, most people ignore protection if they both have HIV. This is really dangerous as there are many risk factors like getting an STD which will cause a superinfection.
A superinfection is simply an addition of another infection to the HIV infection. Or it may be the inclusion of another type of HIV virus to your existing one which ruins your health and immunity vastly. An HIV positive couple should ensure that the other partner is using condoms. As one cannot be entirely sure, they can also educate the partner about the dangers of not including condoms in the open relationship.
Prepare with PrEP
PrEP is a pre-treatment which upon taking and following its treatment measures, you have less risk of infection in case exposed to another HIV virus. This will prevent superinfection through HIV but it is also important to note that it isn’t a remedy for contracting other STIs. Therefore, other risk reduction measures shroud be followed.
Limit your partners
HIV positive couple open relationships should be carried delicately and this is why you should limit partners. Set you partners limit when you lay out the rules because of the more the partners, the more the risk of getting infected or infecting the partner with STD. You can maintain relations with your first other partners so you can set up meetings with them mostly in order to avoid spreading of any significant infection.
This is also one of the best remedies of HIV couple jealousy. Too much freedom results in confusion as you may meet some people whom you may think you have a connection with. This will result in the loss of support with your current partner which is a great risk of ruining it all.
Decide less risky sex
When HIV couples in an open relationship, there are many less risky sex habits. This could include preferring oral sex and other less risky forms of sex in order to reduce the risk of infecting each other. It is important to note that this reduces the risks but doesn’t prevent them necessarily.
Talk with the partners in the open relationship
This is a step many partners ignore but it is extremely important. When you both explain to each other what is safe and what isn’t, the other partners will be able to understand the way the whole relationship will work. However, without doing that, you may tend to disagree due to their different understanding of what you want. Being on the same page with people you’ll be having an open relationship with is really important.
A HIV positive couple which wants to be involved in open relationships has to be extremely careful. Communication of every single detail is paramount for laying out every concern. A successful open relationship is ensured by communication and trust.