HIV Basics: Transmission and Virus Survive
Human Immunodeficiency Virus was discovered in the early 1980s. It belongs to the retroviruses group. Since it is discovery, the virus has spread fear across the globe because of its effects on the human body. HIV attacks CD4 or T-cells, which are crucial in the immune system in the human body. Once HIV gets into the human body, it attacks these cells and completely destroys them by quickly multiplying thus overpowering the human cells. As the HIV cells continue multiplying, it spreads to other body tissues and destroys adjacent cells in the same way. Domination of the virus among body cells destroys and weakens the immune system hence its inability to fight HIV infections. The body becomes vulnerable to the slightest infections.
Without treatment and managing the virus, the immune system deteriorates and illness becomes a common thing to the body. Typically, people without proper treatment develop AIDS, a syndrome of HIV. However, there exists treatment for the virus that focuses on boosting functions and power of the immune system to fight the virus. While the virus has been a killer disease for decades, people are managing to live with it for long years in the modern world.
When HIV is present in a human’s body, it can be traced to various places in the body. It is crucial to notice these facts it is a deadly disease (even with treatment) that you should be cautious and avoid. Either way, any disease should be avoided. The human body and immune system should stay healthy to function naturally as designed. Usually, the virus thrives in mucous membranes, these are;
- Vaginal fluid
- Breast milk
- Semen and pre-semen fluid
- Blood including menstrual fluids
- Rectal secretions.
Relating closely to an individual with respect to these fluids and mucous membranes exposes you to infection. The virus is easily passed through fluids.
Any activity that exposes sharing of fluids is dangerous for our immune system with regards to HIV. Injections, knives, cosmetic tools, shaving machines among others should well be sterilized to ensure no virus lives. If possible, do not share such appliances. Saliva is also a body fluid that can expose you to this infection. While this is dependent on wounds in the two mouths, be sure before engaging in kissing. Breast milk can also infect an infant. The common transmission mode is when you engage in sex with an HIV positive individual.
The casual transmission of HIV is a common fear in society. People coming into contact with spilled body fluids that include semen, blood, and sweat raise questions about whether they are at risk of getting infected. While we should all be careful when it comes to handling body fluids, it is important to note that HIV does not survive for long. There is no exact time limit in relation to the virus’ survival. The fact that spilled body fluids are exposed to air; the moisture content reduces thus reducing viral levels and power in the fluid. While the virus may survive for few minutes if not seconds, its infectious level is zero. However, is the fluid is inside a container, for instance, a syringe; the virus can remain active for an extended period. This is why reusing syringes is highly discouraged with regards to HIV transmission.
HIV virus is sensitive to high temperatures that interfere with its infectious compounds as opposed to extremely cold temperatures. In fact, studies show that the virus can survive in dry blood when at room temperature up to seven days. At least 40 degrees is required to effectively kill the virus. In syringes, the virus is said to survive for at up to 4 weeks. Also, sewage does not pose a threat to HIV; the virus survives for as long as it takes in faces and urine until it can find a body to go to.
The virus has also been recovered from dead bodies. When in cold temperatures in the morgues, which is usually at 2 degrees, the virus survives for at least 11 days. It is also highly sensitive to acidic and alkalinity levels thus it cannot survive in seawater like other viruses.
Insights for HIV dating
Currently, HIV is far from the death sentence that it was in the 1990s. In those years, having a positive status meant an end to ones dating life. Over the years, however, we have managed to see a reversal in this trend. Many HIV positive people are actually dating, and the stigma that was associated with the status has decreased to the bare minimum.
There are however some issues when it comes to HIV positive dating. Some states within the United States actually criminalize the act of exposing someone to the risk of contracting HIV. Well, the first step in most cases is disclosing the status. This, however, may be quite hard for some people. It is estimated that there are many HIV positive people but are unaware of their status. In as much as dating may be hard for HIV singles, it is still a possibility and it happens all the time in the current world.
HIV and Smoking: Avoid The Trigger
HIV is the Human Immune Deficiency virus, while AIDs is the disease that is caused by the virus. As such, many people use both terms interchangeably to refer to the disease that occurs as a result of the virus. There are many ways that this virus can be acquired, ranging from unprotected sexual activities, dangerous habits such as intravenous drug use to very harmless methods such as during birth or breastfeeding (in the case of pregnant women and nursing mothers who are positive for the virus). Before we understand how smoking and HIV are related, we will need to have some understanding of how the virus damages the body, and the immune system.
The immune system
The virus has different methods by which it causes harm to the body. Key among these is the way it destroys the cellular components of the immune system. This is the system that acts against any foreign particles and germ (such as bacteria) to protect us from getting sick. This system comprises of the humoral factors, which are antibodies and other chemical compounds produced by cells in the body. The other component is the cellular part of the immune system, which comprises T lymphocytes, B lymphocytes macrophages, and dendritic cells.
How the virus causes damage
The HIV virus will only thus destroy the T lymphocytes of the immune system, which express the CD4 molecule which is the receptor for the entry of the virus into the cell. This kind of damage to the immune system makes the person ‘fragile’ and more susceptible to infections. It is important to note that these people should have normal lives and should not be discriminated against, as this is just a disease like any other.
Smoking increases the risk of many ailments
Smoking will increase the risk of one getting many ailments, such include lung cancer, heart disease and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Studies have been conducted on how smoking affects the lives of people who are living with HIV. These studies have shown that when such people smoke, there are increased risks associated. These risks are more than that of smoking in the general population. Smokers with HIV would represent other outbreaks besides typical HIV symptoms.
HIV smokers have a significant chance of lung cancer
Also, the severity of these effects may be worse than in the general populace. Such include a higher risk of developing lung cancer, cancers of the head and neck, anal and cervical cancers as well as many other cancers and neoplasms. They are also more likely to develop infections, such as bacterial pneumonia and Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia which is considered an opportunistic infection.
Smoking makes life shorter for HIV positive people
When these people who have HIV smoke, they increase the chances that the antiretroviral medication they get may not work. Their chances of getting life-threatening illnesses are high since they have a compromised immune system. HIV pos singles and smoke have been estimated to have led shorter lives than HIV singles but did not smoke. Quitting smoking actually helps improve quality of life and avoid infections.
Top Signs That You May Have HIV: weight loss, fever, fatigue…
There is only one way that you can be really sure of your HIV status, by getting tested. The virus can cause various symptoms to someone who has contracted the infections, although sometimes these signs do not easily show up. However, HIV infections occur in three common stages: the acute HIV infection stage, chronic stage, and full-blown AIDs.
These symptoms get worse over time and they tend to overwhelm a person’s immune system. However, speaking nowadays about your HIV status to your partner when you are dating, has become quite a common thing, with reduced cases of HIV stigmatization. This has enabled the creation of awareness regarding this virus which has assisted in educating the public about the common symptoms of this disease.
More and more HIV single people are coming out in this era opening up about their HIV statuses, and most HIV communities are giving them all the support they need-be it physically, mentally or financially. This has led to the advent of such things as the HIV dating sites which has allowed people affected by this virus to come and interact with each other. This has, in turn, led to the creation of an effective HIV dating community globally, which has allowed infected individuals to find spouses among each other and develop strong families.
Although such things as dating HIV positive gay practices have led to an increased spread of this virus- considered as a very risky sexual behavior. However, in this article, we are going to concentrate solely on the symptoms of HIV, some of which may aid you in knowing if you have it, or maybe a friend or family.
Here are some of the top signs, which are overlooked most of the times, that you may have HIV:
Weight loss is actually one of the most common sign that you have contracted HIV, though at other times this symptom may appear at advanced stages- this is highly due to severe diarrhea. Losing weight rapidly has been highly associated with a weak immune system, and as it is commonly known, HIV is an infection which aggressively attacks the immune systems of its victims. Experiencing weight loss coupled with body weakness or diarrhea for almost a period of 30 days is a common indication that you have HIV.
Mild fever, which reaches up to 102 degrees Celsius, is one of the most common early signs of having HIV infection. When the fever occurs, it is usually accompanied by mild symptoms such as swollen lymph glands, sore throat or in most cases fatigue. According to medical research, fever appears as a result of the HIV virus entering the bloodstream and beginning to replicate in large quantities, which results in an inflammatory effect by the immune system.
This symptom occurs during both the early and late stages of HIV. The inflammatory reaction by a person’s overwhelmed immune system is one of the reasons that HIV victims begin feeling tired and lethargic. Most of those infected have reported that they started feeling tired suddenly, getting tired faster from doing a very easy task, or from walking a short distance. So if you start to experience a feeling of fatigue which continues over a long period of time, go to a clinic and get tested as early as possible.
Achy muscles, swollen lymph nodes, and achy joints
Another top sign of HIV infection is experiencing very excruciating pains and swelling in the joints, muscles and the lymph nodes. These symptoms can at most times be mistaken for other infections such as the flu, syphilis, mononucleosis or hepatitis. Lymph nodes, commonly located at the neck, groin and armpit regions, get inflamed whenever a person is infected. Therefore it is very important that when you experience such signs you go and get tested.
These rashes can occur at an early or advanced stage of this infection. These rashes may appear like boils, with some itchy regions around the armpits, which are pink in color. These rashes may also appear on the rest of the body parts such as chest, arms, at the back, neck, just to mention a few. When strange skin rashes appear, especially in plenty, be aware, that is a red flag that you may have HIV.
Nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea
Most people infected with HIV have reported having experienced short-term diarrhea, vomiting, and nausea in the primary stages of this infection. These symptoms may also be as a result of opportunistic diseases, which causes a weakened immune system. However, these specific symptoms cause a person’s body to lose lots of water and nutrients, playing a huge part in the loss of weight.
The controversial topics
In today’s health and wellness world, there are many complex concerns and challenges that can affect the dating prospects of many people around the world. Moreover, some of these issues tend to create a broad spectrum of misconception and stigmas that can prevent singles to find their right partner and possibly their soul mate. One of those controversial topics is closely related with mouth ulcer and HIV.
With or without HIV, mouth ulcers may outbreak
However, in order to tackle the negative perception about this complex challenge, it is imperative that we analyze the whole issue. Mouth ulcers known as canker sores or aphthous ulcers, can have a presence in any person, regardless of the fact whether they are HIV positive or not. Also, it is important to emphasize that people with AIDS and HIV tend to get these ulcers more often. Also they can be more severe, and may take longer to heal.
The reality is that, there are a large number of people who are HIV negative and their immune system is fully functional, but they tend to get mouth ulcers more often. That is why, it is imperative that these temporary body anomalies should not prevent singles dating their desired partners. However, even persons with HIV that have aphthous ulcers (canker sores) can heal through treatment and proper medication thus ensuring better outlook.
Can HIV be transmitted through mouth ulcers? The theory
The second and probably biggest misconception is that HIV can be transmitted through the mouth ulcers. Many people have the general belief that singles with mouth ulcers are HIV positive thus preventing them from dating. Moreover, many people fear that there is a chance for transmission when having certain contacts with singles that have mouth ulcers and HIV.
Yet again, the reality is a bit different. On that note, it is important to emphasize that HIV is not transmitted via kissing which can relax singles when dating people with mouth ulcers. Moreover, there is not a high enough concentration of HIV in saliva in order for a transmission to occur. The same applies for the mouth ulcers as they do not have enough blood and saliva content to maintain a presence of HIV.
Furthermore, singles should not avoid dating people with mouth ulcers as many studies have shown that HIV is not known to be transmitted through contact with saliva overall. To be more specific, the saliva of HIV singles, has little to no virus, and the virus that is found in saliva is often inactive. So it cannot be transmitted through kissing, oral sex and contact with mouth ulcers.
What we can learn
On a final note, the presence of these ulcers (and how frequently they occur) does not in itself indicate certain form of HIV infection. But generally speaking, singles with HIV can get these mouth ulcers more often. However, it is important to underline that singles should not avoid dating people with mouth ulcers as HIV has no presence in the mouth ulcers. By knowing these facts, singles can enjoy the opportunity to find their dating partner, knowing that their health and wellbeing is protected.
Disclosure of HIV positive stirs up
While he publicly disclosed his diagnosis back in November, the previous Two and a Half Men star is as yet changing in accordance with his quandary. 'Individuals say, 'What does it feel like to be the substance of HIV?'. I'm similar to, 'Euugh, unintentional'. Be that as it may, if that is its truth, at that point it is'.
In any case, Charlie is by all accounts endeavoring to utilize the determination as an impetus for turning his life around. Performer Charlie Sheen said to NBC's "Today" program Tuesday that he was detected as HIV-positive around 4 years back, which several people who realized it charged money for him to maintain the secret.
"I'm here to concede that I am in actuality HIV-positive," Sheen disclosed to NBC's Matt Lauer. "Furthermore, I need to put a stop to this invasion, this torrent of assaults and of sub-facts and exceptionally unsafe and inconsistent stories that are about the [alleged] threatening the health of such a significant number of others, which couldn't possibly be more off-base."
Did Sheen infect others with HIV?
Sheen, 50, stated he is not certain the way he obtained the disease. Given that his medical diagnosis, he claimed, he has got informed each and every sexual accomplice of his illness. He labeled it "impossible" that he got transmitted the disease to other people. He stated the medical diagnosis arrived after he experienced a few cluster headaches as well as night time sweats.
"After a battery of tests ... they strolled into the room and stated, ''Boom, this is what's going on,'" Sheen said.
"It's a hard three letters to retain," he said. "It's a defining moment in one's life."
The blackmail after “the talk”
He declared he discovered the medical diagnosis to people he believed he really trusted, however, a number of them asked for money to keep on being silent relating to the issue. He paid out those persons "in the millions," he said. Afterward, in the program, Lauer declared that Sheen disclosed to him it had been greater than $10 million.
"We're discussing shakedowns," Sheen said. "I've paid those individuals."
One of the particular people, he mentioned, was a whore who came into his washroom, took a mobile phone picture of his medicine and then threatened to sell off the photo.
Asked as to whether he would keep on paying the general population he'd been paying, he stated: "Not after today, I'm most certainly not."
'I have mad gratitude, 100 %. Thank you. My life is more fluid, it’s more courageous, it’s more heroic,' said Sheen.
While he deliberate opened up to the world about his positive status, the news appeared to have the anticipated outcome of forcing abstinence on the famously debased star.
'HIV isn't the best conversation starter. So it has occurred because of every other person and myself having the information, and that is fine,' he clarified, however, at that point he included 'I make jokes about the diagnosis since you need to. Generally, it's simply "awkward city."'
Luckily, it appears the Hot Shots star has found a startling reward originating from his present absence of sexual activity.
'You'd be amazed the amount more you can achieve and the amount more you can realize when you're not simply endeavoring to engage in sexual relations.'
His new outlook has driven Charlie to be philosophical about the fate of his sexual coexistence too.
'It’s fine. I mean, sex isn’t going anywhere. It’s still there. And if available, awesome. If not, no big deal. I’ll spend more time hanging with my parents, you know?'
Charlie Sheen: Celebrity, Star & HIV (1)
Charlie Sheen: Celebrity, Star & HIV (2)